1 Corinthians 11
27 Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord. 28 Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself. 30 That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.  31 But if we judged  ourselves truly, we would not be judged. 32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined  so that we may not be condemned along with the world.Paul is writing to the Corinthian church rebuking them for not taking the Lord's Supper in an honorable manner. The judgment upon them is harsh indeed (v.30):
"That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died."Paul then gives an encouragement to judge ourselves truly, we would not be judged. Then he gives us verse 32, which I think gives us a positive affirmation of my answer.
32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined  so that we may not be condemned along with the world.Paul says this judgment of people being weak, ill, and some dying is actually an act of discipline.
But who does the Lord discipline? Does he discipline unbelievers? Hebrews 12
6 For the Lord disciplines the one he loves,God disciplines the one he loves. And this is why Paul is able to say in the second half of verse 32 that this act of discipline (weak, ill, death) is, "so that we may not be condemned along with the world."
and chastises every son whom he receives.”
So if someone is cursed by God for their sins, I don't think that necessarily means that that person is in hell (though it does give me pause). I see that act of judgment as possibly (I can't say for certain, God knows the heart) an act of discipline, preventing that person from sinning even more grievously, and actually using it as a means of grace so that they might be united with God in Heaven.