Drinking Deeply

Monday, March 20, 2006 at 11:08 PM

Moral Philosophy Final exam Q. 9

"Can we be required to act morally if there is no Divine or cosmological purpose? Which of the views discussed in this course has the best chance of providing a Secular foundation for ethics? Defend your answer with reference to (at least) three authors on the syllubus."

Questions for thought:

1) What does it mean to "act morally"?

2) What does it mean to "require"?

3) What does it mean to have "the best chance of providing a Secular foundation for ethics?"

Whatever the case, the truth is clear. God is the source of morality. God is the source of authority in "requiring." He is Judge. He is jury. On the last day, the Lord will come to judge the living and the dead. All other philosophies have an equal chance of providing a secular foundation for ethics, zero.

Romans 1

19For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. 21For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles.

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Anonymous Anonymous said...

It's clear when observing all the secular moral theories presented in the class that the philosophers are all groping for an ultimate source of authority for normative moral statements and an archetype of "good" that is universal... because they cannot acknowledge the possiblity of God's soviergn authority. Bentham tries to set up pleasure in the place of God, and Ayn Rand tries to exalt survival in the same way, but they all fail miserably because they do not recognize that there is only one Source of all that is good and right. (Hmmm...I wonder if that's where all those "moral intuitions" come from?) Apart from God morality is a ridiculous idea and impossible to justify- all other "goods" besides the One who alone is good are futile. (as demonstrated below...)

Message to Rand---
"Love your enemies, pray for those who persecute you" Matt 6:44

To Bentham----
"I said to myself, 'Come now, I will test you with pleasure. So enjoy yourself.' And behold, it too was futility." --Ecc. 2:1

And to all of them---
"You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgement on someone else, for at whatever point you judge the other, you are condemning yourself" --Rom. 2:1

(By the way, this is Cory.)
I hope we get this question tomorrow! (Except you're right, it's going to be hard to choose a secular ethical theory to write about)  

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